Florești is a district in the north-east of Moldova, with the administrative center at Florești. The other major cities are Ghindeşti and Mărculeşti. As of 1 January 2011, its population was 90,000.
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Localities with the oldest documentary attestation of the district are: Cuhureștii de Sus, Cuhureștii de Jos, Cunicea documented on 20 December 1437. The fifteenth to seventeenth centuries in the region were marked by continued development of trade and the local economy, and a significant increase in the population.
Florești itself is first documented on 20 August 1588. The eighteenth century was marked by economic decline of the region because of the constant wars waged by the regional powers: Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Ottoman Empire, Russian Empire. In 1812 the region was occupied by the Russian Empire, and besides the local Population of Moldovans, many Ukrainians and Russians settled here. In 1870 is certified as fair Floresti voloste center.
Fauna of the district is typical of Central Europe with: fox, ferret, rabbit, hedgehog, deer, wild boar, wild cat, red deer and wolf. Of birds are present: stork, crow, partridge, hawk, egret, swan and others.
The largest river is the Nistru, which crosses the district in the east, Raut (286 km) right tributaries crosses district in the south, is the largest tributaries of the Nistru, other major rivers Cubolta (102 km) and Cainari. Most lakes are of natural origin.