Anenii Noi District is a district in the central part of Moldova. As of 1 January 2011, its population was 83,100. Its seat is the city of Anenii Noi.
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Localities with the oldest documentary attestation are Gura Bîcului, Teliţa, Mereni localities documented for the first time in 1443–1475. In the following centuries to develop the economy (trade, agriculture, customs duties), and shows a significant demographic growth. The first documentary of the city Anenii Noi is June 27, 1731, with the name Pascani pe Bîc.
In 1812, after the Russo-Turkish War (1806-1812), is the occupation of Basarabia, Russian Empire during this period (1812-1917), there is an intense russification of the native population. In 1918 after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Bessarabia united with Romania in this period (1918-1940, 1941-1944), the district is part of the Chişinău County. In 1940 after Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, Basarabia is occupied by the USSR. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, part and residence of the Chişinău County (1991-2003), and in 2003 became administrative unit of Moldova.
Anenii Noi District is located in the Nistru river basin, which crosses the district in the east. The most important tributary of this is Bîc River (155 km). The largest lake is Lake Sălaș located near locality Gura Bîcului, with an area of 3.72 km2 (1.44 sq mi). It is the third largest natural lake in Moldova.