Fălești is a districtin the north of Moldova, with the administrative center at Fălești. As of January 1, 2011, its population was 92,600. It borders Romania, in Western Moldova.
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District towns, with the earliest historical attestation are Fălești, Scumpia, Călugăr, Horești first attested in the period 1429–1437. Especially in the fifteenth to seventeenth centuries, this region developed economically (trade) and culturally, as there was a significant increase in population.
In the 18th century, as a result of the constant wars waged by the Principality of Moldavia and the Ottoman Empire, and later more frequent interventions of the Russian army, the region was in decline. In 1812, following the Treaty of Bucharest, the Russian Empire occupied Basarabia at the expense of the Principality of Moldavia. During this period, czarist government policy was one of Russification of the native population, with many Ukrainians and Russians arriving, whose descendants represent currently 15% of the population of the district. In 1918 after the collapse of Russian Empire, Basarabia decided to unite with Romania. In 1940, following the Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, Basarabia again was ceded, this time to the USSR. In the period 1944–1991, the Falesti district center was a part of the MSSR. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, it was part of the Ungheni County (1991-2003), and in 2003 an administrative unit of Moldova.
Fauna is represented by hares, foxes, deer, wild boars, wolves rarely wild cats, otters, raccoon dogs, etc. Species of birds seen include storks, wild ducks, woodpeckers, tits, partridges, egrets, gulls, etc.
District is located in the basin of the Prut River, which crosses the district in the west to the border with Romania, but in the eastern, part of the Răut River basin, with its tributaries Ciuluicul Mare and Ciuluicul Mijlociu. Rich in ponds and streams, the district is a source of fish: carp, crucian carp, perch.